Politics 101: Increasing Awareness and Understanding about Politics
What is the definition and basic concept of politics? By definition, politics are all activities associated with government concerns or political relations between countries, including debate or conflicts among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power. It is the process of decision-making, exercising and achieving positions of governance, having an organized control over a specific human community, such as a state. Politics deploys different methods including promotion of political views, warfare against adversaries, law-making, and exercising of force from tribes or clans of traditional societies, interactions with private companies and institutions, local governments and sovereign states.
Political system refers to the framework defining political methods that are acceptable in a given society. The two categories of politics include formal and informal politics, wherein formal politics is the operation the government system using a constitutional system, publicly defined by institutions and procedures, while informal politics refers to alliances and those that includes activities of daily life. States are classified into aristocracies, monarchies, democracies, theocracies, tyrannies, and oligarchies, but no form of government could be regarded as absolute best.
Great powers of this modern world rule on the principle underlying sovereignty or sovereign power, vested to an individual or a group. Sovereignty, basing on jurisprudence refers to the power and full right to govern without any hindrance from outside bodies. Written documents specifying and limiting the powers of the various government branches are called constitutions. Political system are the processes, policies, behavior and practices involving the legal system, cultural system, economic system and social system of the citizens or the voting body. Political system’s sociological interest is distinguishing the one who holds the power, its people and how the power of the government is used.
Voting system has a major impact in politics, consisting a of set of rules, that is followed for a vote to be considered legal and valid, set how votes are cast, counted and combined to yield a result toward a referendum or election. Electoral system determines the form of ballot, allowable votes and the counting method that dictates the result of the outcome. Majority of elections base the results from the principle of “one person, one vote”, which bear equal weight, but this is not true to all elections.
Political point of views and conflict, political issues and political dilemmas varies from one state to another, and from one country to another, though there are similarities in structure, ideas, concept and resolutions, involving the different social class, economic status and cultural background.
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